Prof. Striolo is a long-time collaborator of Prof. David Cole, of the Ohio State University, and together in the frame of S4CE they contributed to the new book Deep Carbon: Past to Present from the Deep Carbon Observatory (October 2019)
Carbon is one of the most important elements of our planet, and ninety percent of it resides inside Earth’s interior. This book summarizes ten years of research by scientists involved in the Deep Carbon Observatory, a global community of 1200 scientists. It is a comprehensive guide to carbon inside Earth, including its quantities, movements, forms, origins, changes over time, and impact on planetary processes. Leading experts from a variety of fields, including geoscience, biology, chemistry, and physics, provide exciting new insights into the interconnected nature of the global carbon cycle, and explain why it matters to the past, present, and future of our planet. With end-of-chapter problems, illustrative infographics, full-color images, and access to online models and datasets, it is a valuable reference for graduate students, researchers, and professional scientists interested in carbon cycling and Earth system science. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.
Chapter 12 – The Influence of Nanoporosity on the Behavior of Carbon-Bearing Fluids (Alberto Striolo and David Cole)
A new finding over the past decade is the stability – and even potential synthesis – of hydrocarbons at depth in Earth. Of course, this has been a highly controversial area of research for decades, but recent evidence has been obtained from natural orogenic geological settings, thermodynamic simulations, and observations of seafloor samples. This chapter reviews this new evidence while highlighting the importance of the physical state of C-O-H fluids contained in rocks on the transport of alkanes like methane, propane, and octane, the impact of pore space and fracture confinement on fluid reactivity, and how reactivity under confinement varies from bulk fluid properties.